What is the rationale for the IRB process?

by | April 29, 2012

Podcast Description: The Institutional Review Board process is grounded in federal law and ethical principles set forth in the Belmont Report and the Common Rule.

Transcript: The following presentation is a production of Capella University and is not intended for commercial use.

Welcome to another topic in a series of podcasts regarding aspects of the comprehensive exam and dissertation process.

Dissertation Milestone 6 is the University Institutional Review Board (or IRB) approval of your proposal. All dissertation writers conducting research under the program requirements at Capella University are required to obtain IRB approval prior to beginning the research.

There are currently two University policies that also govern research. The Human Research Protection Policy (03.03.01) and Conflict of Interest in Research (03.03.05). The first provides information on Capella University’s acknowledgement of its institutional responsibility to uphold the highest standards of ethical research conduct and to respect and protect the rights of individuals involved in research as human participants. Capella University is committed to its institutional responsibility to respect and protect the rights and welfare of human participants in research.

The University’s Institutional Review Board is composed of experienced researchers who are trained in evaluating research proposals to ensure that the rights and welfare of human participants are protected. Capella University’s IRB is responsible for assessing all research proposals involving human participants and/or their records, and protecting them from the risk of physical, psychological, social, economic, or legal harm. In the review and conduct of research involving human participants, Capella’s IRB is guided by the ethical principles set forth in the Belmont Report (that is, respect for persons, beneficence, and justice) and the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 46, also known as the Common Rule.

The second policy on conflicts of interest provides expectations of the research community to disclose and mitigate conflicts of interest in research. Your proposal and application materials are examined to ensure that no conflict of interest exists in your study. Objectivity is the essence of scientific discovery. Conflicts of interest in research threaten the objectivity of scientific pursuit and may result in an increased risk of harm to human research participants and subjects. The purpose of this policy is to protect the integrity, trust, and respect of Capella’s research community and its scientific pursuit of truth.

This policy helps ensure that academic, financial, and other personal interests do not compromise the rights and welfare of human research participants and subjects. Capella University’s Institutional Review Board is responsible for ensuring that all conflicts of interest in research, including, but not limited to, significant financial relationships and the financial interests they create, personal/professional relationships, business relationships, or other conflicts of interest do not affect the rights and welfare of human participants in research.

The IRB review process is certainly reflected in these policies. However, the IRB’s review of research goes beyond University policy and must be conducted in accordance with federal regulations. The IRB reviewer ensures that all research conducted under the purview of Capella University meets the highest ethical standards and complies with the federal regulations for the protections of human participants in research. In fulfilling these responsibilities, the IRB reviews all research documents and activities that have a direct bearing on the rights and welfare of the participants of proposed research.

It is important to remember that you cannot collect data or interact with human participants until your proposal has been approved by IRB.

This and additional information can be found on the Research Center on iGuide.

Remember, you bring unique circumstances to your doctoral journey. Follow-up with your doctoral advisor for clarification and additional information about the dissertation process.

This presentation has been brought to you by Capella University and may not be re-transmitted or used for any commercial purpose without the expressed written consent of Capella University.

# # #

606 words